The Nilgiris District is basically a Horticulture District. Its economy is based on commodity crops such as tea, coffee and spices, followed in importance by potato, carrot, cabbage and other hill vegetables. Majority of the cultivated area is covered by tea plantation which grows at an elevation of 1,000 to over 2,500 metres above mean sea level.

The District is the major producer of  temperate-zone vegetables. Potato and other vegetables are raised throughout the year in  Udhagamandalam and Coonoor Taluks. Paddy (rice), ginger, pepper and rubber are grown in Gudalur and Pandalur Taluks. Paddy is also grown in the Thengumarahada area in Kotagiri Taluk. Besides these crops, millet, wheat and fruits are also cultivated throughout the District.  The crops are mainly rain-fed. Check dams have been constructed wherever possible to exploit natural springs.

Organic Farming

Organic farming is an alternative agricultural system which originated early in the 20th century in reaction to rapidly changing farming practices. Certified Organic Agriculture accounts to 70 million hectares globally, with over half of that total in Australia.

Organic farming system in India is not new and is being followed from ancient time.

It is a method of farming system which primarily aimed at cultivating the land and raising crops in such a way, as to keep the soil alive and in good health by use of organic wastes (crop, animal and farm wastes, aquatic wastes) and other biological materials along with beneficial microbes (biofertilizers) to release nutrients to crops for increased sustainable production in an eco friendly pollution free environment.

 “Organic farming is a system which avoids or largely excludes the use of synthetic inputs (such as fertilizers, pesticides, hormones, feed additives etc) and to the maximum extent feasible rely upon crop rotations, crop residues, animal manures, off-farm organic waste and biological system of nutrient mobilization and plant protection”.

100% Organic


Organic farming has been shown to provide major benefits for wildlife and the wider environment. The best that can be said about genetically engineered crops is that they will now be monitored to see how much damage they cause
Prince Charles
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